Wishful Reading: Art as Art, Electronic Media, Theory, Generatif

Step One: Invent time machine with comfortable reading situation.
Step Two: Acquire the following.

Art and Electronic Media

Walter Benjamin, Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction

Walter Benjamin, The Arcades Project

Marshall McLuhan and Quentin Fiore, The Medium is the Massage, 1967

Edward Shanken, Art and Electronic Media, Phaidon, 2009

Edward Shanken, Art and Electronic Media Online Companion, 2013

Lev Manovich, Software Takes Command, 2008-2013

Lev Manovich, Soft Cinema, 2002-2005

Lev Manovich, The Language of New Media, 2001

New Media Art, Mark Tribe, 2006

New Media: A Critical Introduction, 2nd Edition, 2009, Martin Lister

Domenico Quaranta, In Your Computer, 2011

Domenico Quaranta, Beyond New Media Art, 2013

Domenico Quaranta, The F.A.T. Manual, 2013

Expanded Internet Art and Information Milieu, Cici Moss, Rhizome, 2013-12-19

Curating in the Time of Algorithms, Christian Nagler and Joseph del Pesco, Fillip, Issue 15, 2011

Links

Preparation readings from DMA, UCLA and BCNM, UCB

Generative

Design By Numbers, John Maeda

Computational Information Design, Ben Fry, 2004, Dissertation, MIT

Form+Code In Design, Art, and Architecture, Casey Reas, Chandler McWilliams

Generative Design; Visualize, Program, and Create with Processing, Hartmut Bohnacker, Benedikt Grob, Julia Laub, 2012

Visual Grammar, Christian Leborg, 2004

Carsten Nicolai, Fades

Carsten Nicolai, Static Fades

Carsten Nicolai, Moire Index

Grapefruit, Yoko Ono, 1964, 1971

Acorn, Yoko Ono, 2013

Examples

Earth Wind Interactive Graphic

FlowingData

Inkjet is the New Black Painting

Scott Rothkopf discussing Wade Guyton’s eight-panel painting Untitled (2008), 2013-01-11, WhitneyFocus on YouTube

Andrew Fisher and Christine S. Kim discuss Wade Guyton’s painting, 2013-02-28, WhiteneyFocus on YouTube.

“James Kalm” aka Loren Munk on video walkthrough of Wade Guyton’s OS show at the Whitney Museum, 2012-10-05.

Visual Culture, Aesthetics, Perception

James Turrell: A Retrospective, Michael Govan, Christine Y. Kim, Prestel, 2013

Emblemata, James Turrell, 2000, Segura Publishing Company, Tempe, AZ

Emblemata Sacra: Spe, Fide, Charitate, Guilelmus Hesius, 1636

Heraldry Symbols and Meanings, ThemesAchievement Elements, Animal Attitude, List of Heraldic Charges, Variations of the Field, Heraldic Phantasy Creatures

Light and the Artist, Thomas Wilfred, The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, June 1947

Marcel Minnaert, Light and Color in the Outdoors, 1995, ISBN 0387979352

Marcel Minnaert, Light and Color in the Open Air, 1954

Maurice Merleau-Ponty, Phenomenology of Perception, 2013, ISBN 1045834333

James J. Gibson, The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception, 1986, ISBN 0898599598

James J. Gibson, The Senses Considered as Perceptual Systems, 1966

ABC Art, Barbara Rose, October 1965, Art in America

Art and Objecthood, Michael Fried, Artforum, Summer 1967

Robert Morris, Notes on Sculpture, Part 3, Artforum, Summer 1967

Rudolf Arnheim, A Plea for Visual Thinking, Critical Inquiry, Vol. 6, No. 3 (Spring, 1980), pp. 489-497

Rudolf Arnheim, The Power of the Center, 1988

Rudolf Arnheim, New Essays on the Psychology of Art, 1986. Esp. “The Double-edged Mind: Intuition and the Intellect”, “The Tools of Art-Old and New”, “Emotion and Feeling in Psychology and Art”

Agnes Martin:Writings, Agnes Martin, 2005, ISBN 3775716114

Agnes Martin: Paintings, Writings, Remembrances, Arne Glimcher, 2012, ISBN 3775716114

Hal Foster, Vision and Visuality, 1988, Dia Art Foundation

Free is the Only Option

The GNU Manifesto, Richard Stallman, 1985-2014

Guerilla Open Access Manifesto, Aaron Swartz, 2008

Copy Culture in the US and Germany, 2013, ISBN 978-1481985925

Piracy is the Future of Television, Abigail De Kosnik, Convergence Culture Consortium, 2010

Online Piracy And China’s American TV Drama Fanatics, Ousha Yang, Disintermediators, 2013-05-01

In Praise of Copying, Marcus Boon, 2010, ISBN 978-0-674-04783-9

Peter Lunenfeld, The Secret War Between Downloading and Uploading, 2011, MIT Press

Copyright, Permissions, and Fair Use among Visual Artists and the Academic and Museum Visual Arts Communities: An Issues Report, A Report to the College Art Association, February 2014

Pew Internet Libraries, Pew Internet & American Life Project. See: The Rise of E-Reading, 2012. E-Reading Rises as Device Ownership Jumps, 2014.  Reading Habits in Different Communities, 2012. Library Services in the Digital Age, 2013. From Distant Admirers to Library Lovers and Beyond: A typology of public library engagement in America, 2014

Simon Parkin, The $5.7 Million Magazine Illustration, The New Yorker, 2014-02-20

Randy Kennedy, Richard Prince Settles Copyright Suit With Patrick Cariou Over Photographs, NYT, 2014-03-18

Randy Kennedy, Court Rules in Artist’s Favor, NYT, 2013-04-13

Anne Burdick, Johanna Drucker, Peter Lunenfeld, Todd Presner, Jeffrey Schnapp, Digital Humanities, 2012, MIT Press

Virtueel Platform Research: Born-Digital Kunstwerken In Nederland, English summary and recommendations, 2012 Project Conservation Media Art Collection, Netherlands.

Institutional Critique, Commodity Fetishism

Institutional Critique: An Anthology of Artists’ Writings, Alexander Alberro and Blake Stimson, 2009, MIT Press

Thoughts on Art Education, Rudolf Arnheim, 1990

Alternatives, Coco Fusco, Brooklyn Rail, Feb 5, 2013

Race in the Land of MFA, Alex Gallo-Brown, May 28, 2013

Art Schools: A Group Crit, AIA, 2007

An Artist’s Education, Thomas Lawson, The Core Program, catalogue, Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, 2008

9.5 Theses on Art and Class, Ben Davis, 2013

After Art, David Joselit, 2013, ISBN 978-0-691-15044-4

What Is a Warhol? The Buried Evidence, Richard Dorment, NYT, June 20, 2013

Red Obsession: The vintage of the century in the year of the Dragon, 2012

The Global Contemporary and the Rise of New Art Worlds, Hans Belting/Andrea Buddensieg/Peter Weibel, 2013, MIT , ISBN 0262518341

Michael H. Miller, Ways Forward: What’s Next for the Dia Art Foundation?, 2014-02-04, galleristny

Michael H. Miller, Philippe Goes to Hollywood: With Vergne In Place as New Director, L.A. MOCA Looks to the Future, 2014-02-05, galleristny

Visual Forms of Gentrification vs. Ruin

Rosalyn Deutsche, Evictions: Art and Spatial Politics, 1996, MIT press

The Fine Art of Gentrification, Rosalyn Deutsche and Cara Gendel Ryan, October, Vol. 31, Winter 1984

Rebecca Solnit, Get Off the Bus, London Review of Books, Feb 20, 2014.

Kim Velsey, It’s Not About Yuppies Anymore: Gentrification Has Changed and So Has New York, New York Observer, 2014-02-06.

How to Write About Tax Havens and the Super-Rich: An Interview with Nicholas Shaxson, Longreads, The Atlantic, 2014

Andy Rachleff, You Need Equity To Live In Silicon Valley,May 22 2013

Mission 20th Street Neighborhood Group, various email correspondence

The Embedded Landscape of Gentrification, Jason Patch, Visual Studies, October, Vol. 19, No. 2, 2004

Residues of a Dream World: The High Line, 2011, Michael Cataldi, David Kelley, Hans Kuzmich, Jens Maier-Rothe and Jeannine Tang, Theory Culture Society, 2011

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Gone Awry Goes Kindle

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Overview

Create an experimental electronic artist book for Kindle. Using the Manga/Comic/Graphic Novel example provided as part of Kindle Format 8 Publishing Tools to create the electronic version of Gone Awry.

Use KindleGen and Kindle Previewer to create the electronic edition and check quality. The linux version of calibre is used to check the generated .mobi file, and to tag and edit metadata. Then, upload the generated .mobi file to the Kindle Direct Publishing web-app, and fill in all rest of the metadata in a browser.

From the web app, publishing it on Amazon is easy.

KF8/Mobi

Amazon’s current proprietary format is: Kindle Format 8, or KF8. The file extension is .mobi. The Amazon specifications are in: Amazon Kindle Publishing Guidelines.

Parts of this also use OPF, the packaging for epub.

Target Display Hardware

Some key data points about display resolution of select current-model e-readers. Plan is to only support color, high-resolution devices.

  • Kindle Fire HD 7″ resolution is 1280 x 800 x 216 ppi8.9″ resolution is 1920 x 1200 x 254 ppi
  • Nexus Tablets 7″ resolution is 1920 x 1200 x 323 ppi (WUXGA, 1.6), 10″ resolution is 2560 x 1600 x 300 ppi (WQXGA, 1.6)
  • iPad 7″ resolution is 1024 x 768 x 163 ppi (XGA, 1.3), 9.7″ resolution is 2048 x 1536 x 264 ppi (QXGA, 1.3)

Versus layout for Gone Awry.

  • Print (19 x 13, 1.46)
  • ebook 1 (19.2 x 12, 1.6)
  • kindle publishing guidelines for fixed layout (1024 x 600 or 1536 x 900 zoom, 1.7)

Image Sizing and Aspect Ratio

First, resize existing .svg base documents in inkscape to the correct aspect ratio. For this project, the aspect ratio is 1.6. Thus, inkscape page sizes are changed from 19 x 13 inches to 19.2 x 12 inches.

This file is then exported as a transparent bitmap, at 2560 x 1600 @ 300dpi.

Next step is to process it in CS6 Photoshop on Mac OS X. The following transforms:

  • Layer->Flatten
  • Image->Image Size to 2560 x 1600
  • File->Save As jpeg, 9, 10, 11 qualities, but adjust to hit below 800k

HTML doc

Re-write example to suit Gone Awry, based on prototyping with a DocBook 5.0 XML form to generate the beginning HTML. Take this, edit the .opf and .ncx files to create a manifest and a table of contents/touch list, and bundle it up with the toplevel “images” directory such that the resulting filenames in the generated “gone-awry.opf” file are correct.

Kindle (KF8) doc

Unpack kindle binaries on linux, and run on the master list of files (the .opf file) as:

kindlegen gone-awry-v2.html -c0 -verbose gone-awry.opf

That should chug along, spewing a bunch of information. Pay attention, and fix any issues. The last bit of information before a successful creation of the .mobi file is related to the file size, and download time. Something like:

Info(prcgen):I1041: The file format version is V8
Info(prcgen):I1032: PRC built successfully
Info(prcgen):I15000:  Approximate Standard Mobi Deliverable file size :   0019466KB
Info(prcgen):I15001:  Approximate KF8 Deliverable file size :   0019526KB

From this, one can make back-of-the-envelope calculations about the royalty rates. For 70% royalties, the publisher must pay Amazon $0.15 per 1MB of .mobi file delivered. Thus, for a 40MB file, the delivery charge would be $6. So, the price would have to be more than this to break even. For 30% royalties, there is no delivery fee so pricing could feasibly drop below $6.

Result

The final book looks like “Gone Awry Kindle Edition” on Amazon’s marketplace.

Future work would be to shift to SVG containers, improving text legibility by un-rasterizing the text or presenting a vector text layer, and look at ways to add “scroll anchors” such that a “page flick” motion would speed through the next couple of pages before alighting on the specified anchor.

Background

Some notes from 2011 on self-publishing.

Current best sellers in the Kindle Store. August graphic novel sales, information, reviews.

Some of the meta-problems with pagination, and mapping electronic books to print books. Some meta-hating on some aspects of the current state-of-the-art.

A Digital Shift: Libraries, Ebooks and Beyond. Corey Doctorow, Library of Congress, 2013